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In SPSS, how do I get Pearson correlations coefficient matrices?

In SPSS, the correlations command produces Pearson's correlation coefficient, r. The simplest correlation task is between two variables, for example:

correlations variables=food rent.

This will produce a symmetric correlations matrix with "food" and "rent" in the rows and columns, respectively. You can also request an asymmetric correlations matrix by using the keyword with. The variables listed after the keyword with define the columns of the correlations matrix; the variables before it define the rows. You can also request more than one matrix on a correlations command, for example:

correlations variables=food rent with cook teacher manager /food rent cook teacher manager.

Use a  /  (slash) to separate the specifications for each of the requested matrices. The first matrix gives three correlations of food with each of cook, teacher, and manager, and three correlations of rent with each of cook, teacher, and manager. The second matrix is a square matrix of all the variables from food to manager.

If you have questions about using statistical and mathematical software at Indiana University, email UITS Research Analytics (formerly known as the Stat/Math Center). Research Analytics is located on the IU Bloomington campus at Woodburn Hall 200, and is open for consultation by appointment Monday-Friday 9am-5pm. For more, visit Research Analytics on the web, or call 812-855-4724 (IUB) or 317-278-4740 (IUPUI).

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Last modified on January 08, 2014.

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