ARCHIVED: What is the Latin-1 (ISO-8859-1) character set?

Latin-1, also called ISO-8859-1, is an 8-bit character set endorsed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and represents the alphabets of Western European languages. As its name implies, it is a subset of ISO-8859, which includes several other related sets for writing systems like Cyrillic, Hebrew, and Arabic. It is used by most Unix systems as well as Windows. DOS and Mac OS, however, use their own sets.

Latin-1 is occasionally, though imprecisely, referred to as Extended ASCII. This is because the first 128 characters of its set are identical to the US ASCII standard. The remainder of the set contains accented characters and symbols.

The following tables describe the Latin-1 character set. The first table contains characters that may not be valid or correctly displayable for all fonts, platforms, and browsers. The second table provides descriptions for these characters as well as the set's non-printing characters.

Table 1: Complete Latin-1 character set

Dec Hex Char   Dec Hex Char   Dec Hex Char   Dec Hex Char
0 00 NUL   64 40 @   128 80 PAD   192 C0 À
1 01 SOH   65 41 A   129 81 HOP   193 C1 Á
2 02 STX   66 42 B   130 82 BPH   194 C2 Â
3 03 ETX   67 43 C   131 83 NBH   195 C3 Ã
4 04 EOT   68 44 D   132 84 IND   196 C4 Ä
5 05 ENQ   69 45 E   133 85 NEL   197 C5 Å
6 06 ACK   70 46 F   134 86 SSA   198 C6 Æ
7 07 BEL   71 47 G   135 87 ESA   199 C7 Ç
8 08 BS   72 48 H   136 88 HTS   200 C8 È
9 09 TAB   73 49 I   137 89 HTJ   201 C9 É
10 0A LF   74 4A J   138 8A VTS   202 CA Ê
11 0B VT   75 4B K   139 8B PLD   203 CB Ë
12 0C FF   76 4C L   140 8C PLU   204 CC Ì
13 0D CR   77 4D M   141 8D RI   205 CD Í
14 0E SO   78 4E N   142 8E SS2   206 CE Î
15 0F SI   79 4F O   143 8F SS3   207 CF Ï
16 10 DLE   80 50 P   144 90 DCS   208 D0 Ð
17 11 DC1   81 51 Q   145 91 PU1   209 D1 Ñ
18 12 DC2   82 52 R   146 92 PU2   210 D2 Ò
19 13 DC3   83 53 S   147 93 STS   211 D3 Ó
20 14 DC4   84 54 T   148 94 CCH   212 D4 Ô
21 15 NAK   85 55 U   149 95 MW   213 D5 {
22 16 SYN   86 56 V   150 96 SPA   214 D6 Ö
23 17 ETB   87 57 W   151 97 EPA   215 D7 ×
24 18 CAN   88 58 X   152 98 SOS   216 D8 Ø
25 19 EM   89 59 Y   153 99 SGCI   217 D9 Ù
26 1A SUB   90 5A Z   154 9A SCI   218 DA Ú
27 1B ESC   91 5B [   155 9B CSI   219 DB Û
28 1C FS   92 5C \   156 9C ST   220 DC Ü
29 1D GS   93 5D ]   157 9D OSC   221 DD Ý
30 1E RS   94 5E ^   158 9E PM   222 DE Þ
31 1F US   95 5F _   159 9F APC   223 DF ß
32 20 SPC   96 60 `   160 A0 NBS   224 E0 à
33 21 !   97 61 a   161 A1 ¡   225 E1 á
34 22 "   98 62 b   162 A2 ¢   226 E2 â
35 23 #   99 63 c   163 A3 £   227 E3 ã
36 24 $   100 64 d   164 A4 ¤   228 E4 ä
37 25 %   101 65 e   165 A5 ¥   229 E5 å
38 26 &   102 66 f   166 A6 ¦   230 E6 æ
39 27 '   103 67 g   167 A7 §   231 E7 ç
40 28 (   104 68 h   168 A8 ¨   232 E8 è
41 29 )   105 69 i   169 A9 ©   233 E9 é
42 2A *   106 6A j   170 AA ª   234 EA ê
43 2B +   107 6B k   171 AB «   235 EB ë
44 2C ,   108 6C l   172 AC ¬   236 EC ì
45 2D -   109 6D m   173 AD ­   237 ED í
46 2E .   110 6E n   174 AE ®   238 EE î
47 2F /   111 6F o   175 AF ¯   239 EF ï
48 30 0   112 70 p   176 B0 °   240 F0 ð
49 31 1   113 71 q   177 B1 ±   241 F1 ñ
50 32 2   114 72 r   178 B2 ²   242 F2 ò
51 33 3   115 73 s   179 B3 ³   243 F3 ó
52 34 4   116 74 t   180 B4 ´   244 F4 ô
53 35 5   117 75 u   181 B5 µ   245 F5 õ
54 36 6   118 76 v   182 B6   246 F6 ö
55 37 7   119 77 w   183 B7 ·   247 F7 ÷
56 38 8   120 78 x   184 B8 ¸   248 F8 ø
57 39 9   121 79 y   185 B9 ¹   249 F9 ù
58 3A :   122 7A z   186 BA º   250 FA ú
59 3B ;   123 7B {   187 BB »   251 FB û
60 3C <   124 7C |   188 BC ¼   252 FC ü
61 3D =   125 7D }   189 BD ½   253 FD ý
62 3E >   126 7E ~   190 BE ¾   254 FE þ
63 3F ?   127 7F DEL   191 BF ¿   255 FF ÿ

Table 2: Descriptions of selected characters

Dec Hex Description
0 00 null
1 01 start of heading
2 02 start of text
3 03 end of text
4 04 end of transmission
5 05 enquiry
6 06 acknowledge
7 07 bell
8 08 backspace
9 09 character tabulation
10 0A line feed
11 0B line tabulation
12 0C form feed
13 0D carriage return
14 0E shift out
15 0F shift in
16 10 datalink escape
17 11 device control one
18 12 device control two
19 13 device control three
20 14 device control four
21 15 negative acknowledge
22 16 synchronous idle
23 17 end of transmission block
24 18 cancel
25 19 end of medium
26 1A substitute
27 1B escape
28 1C file separator
29 1D group separator
30 1E record separator
31 1F unit separator
32 20 space
127 7F delete
128 80 padding character
129 81 high octet preset
130 82 break permitted here
131 83 no break here
132 84 index
133 85 next line
134 86 start of selected area
135 87 end of selected area
136 88 character tabulation set
137 89
character tabulation with justification
138 8A line tabulation set
139 8B partial line forward
140 8C partial line backward
141 8D reverse line feed
142 8E single shift two
143 8F single shift three
144 90 device control string
145 91 private use one
146 92 private use two
147 93 set transmit state
148 94 cancel character
149 95 message waiting
150 96 start of guarded area
151 97 end of guarded area
152 98 start of string
153 99
single graphic character introducer
154 9A single character introducer
155 9B control sequence introducer
156 9C string terminator
157 9D operating system command
158 9E privacy message
159 9F application program command
160 A0 non-breaking space
161 A1 inverted exclamation mark
162 A2 cent sign
163 A3 pound sterling sign
164 A4 currency sign
165 A5 yen sign
166 A6 broken bar
167 A7 section sign
168 A8 diaeresis (umlaut)
169 A9 copyright sign
170 AA feminine ordinal
171 AB left angle quote
172 AC not sign
173 AD soft hyphen
174 AE registered sign
175 AF macron
176 B0 degree sign
177 B1 plus-minus sign
178 B2 superscript two
179 B3 superscript three
180 B4 acute accent
181 B5 micro sign
182 B6 paragraph sign (pilcrow)
183 B7 middle dot
184 B8 cedilla
185 B9 superscript one
186 BA masculine ordinal
187 BB right angle quote
188 BC one-fourth fraction
189 BD one-half fraction
190 BE three-quarter fraction
191 BF inverted question mark
192 C0 capital a with grave accent
193 C1 capital a with acute accent
194 C2 capital a with circumflex
195 C3 capital a with tilde
196 C4 capital a with diaeresis
197 C5 capital a with ring
198 C6 capital ae ligature
199 C7 capital c with cedilla
200 C8 capital e with grave accent
201 C9 capital e with acute accent
202 CA capital e with circumflex
203 CB capital e with diaeresis
204 CC capital i with grave accent
205 CD capital i with acute accent
206 CE capital i with circumflex
207 CF capital i with diaeresis
208 D0 capital eth
209 D1 capital n with tilde
210 D2 capital o with grave accent
211 D3 capital o with acute accent
212 D4 capital o with circumflex
213 D5 capital o with tilde
214 D6 capital o with diaeresis
215 D7 multiplication sign
216 D8 capital o with slash
217 D9 capital u with grave accent
218 DA capital u with acute accent
219 DB capital u with circumflex
220 DC capital u with diaeresis
221 DD capital y with acute accent
222 DE capital thorn
223 DF small sharp s
224 E0 small a with grave accent
225 E1 small a with acute accent
226 E2 small a with circumflex
227 E3 small a with tilde
228 E4 small a with diaeresis
229 E5 small a with ring
230 E6 small ae ligature
231 E8 small c with cedilla
232 E7 small e with grave accent
233 E9 small e with acute accent
234 EA small e with circumflex
235 EB small e with diaeresis
236 EC small i with grave accent
237 ED small i with acute accent
238 EE small i with circumflex
239 EF small i with diaeresis
240 F0 small eth
241 F1 small n with tilde
242 F2 small o with grave accent
243 F3 small o with acute accent
244 F4 small o with circumflex
245 F5 small o with tilde
246 F6 small o with diaeresis
247 F7 division sign
248 F8 small o with slash
249 F9 small u with grave accent
250 FA small u with acute accent
251 FB small u with circumflex
252 FC small u with diaeresis
253 FD small y with acute accent
254 FE small thorn
255 FF small y with diaeresis

This is document aepu in the Knowledge Base.
Last modified on 2008-11-01 00:00:00.

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