Audio description, caption, and transcript resources

On this page:


The following resources cover success criteria, best practices, and examples for audio descriptions, captions, and transcripts.


The following resources describe transcript basics.

  • Transcripts: Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) document describing the basics of a transcript, including which media needs a transcript, how to create and present a transcript, and tips for making your transcript more useful.
  • Transcripts on the Web: Includes information on best practices for creating a good transcript.

Transcript examples


The following resources describe basics for closed captions.

  • DCMP Captioning Key: A thorough resource from the Described and Captioned Media Program with information on how to present captions, including font, punctuation, line breaks, placement, and duration.
  • CADET (Caption and Description Editing Tool): A free downloadable tool from the National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) at WGBH to help you import, edit and export caption files.
  • Captions and Subtitles: WAI document on captions, including which media needs captions, how to create captions, and best practices for displaying captions.
  • BBC Subtitle Guidelines: This BBC resource offers information on subtitling, including how to caption intonation and emotion, accents, and humor.

Captioning examples

Audio descriptions

The following resources describe some basics for audio descriptions.

Audio description examples

The following links are movies and an Indiana University video featuring audio descriptions.

Learn more

The following resources will get you started with the basics for audio descriptions, captions, transcripts, and subtitles.

  • Making Audio and Video Media Accessible: WAI resource on captions, subtitles, transcripts, and audio description, including why they are important, planning your media to include them, and which WCAG standards apply to different types of media.
  • Captions, Transcripts, and Audio Descriptions: From WebAIM, this article describes captions, transcripts, and audio descriptions. It goes into detail on each subject, including examples.
  • Add Text Transcripts for Video and Audio Elements: A short article from Deque University about transcripts and methods for providing them.
  • Creating Accessible Videos: A University of Colorado Boulder resource with tips for pre-production, production, and post-production, including captioning, graphics, audio descriptions, transcripts and summaries, and accessible media players.
  • Video Captions & Transcripts: An article from the University of Minnesota describing captions and transcripts. Explains what they are, who benefits from them, and how to add captions to YouTube videos.
  • Creating Accessible Videos: Article from the University of Washington describing captions, audio descriptions, live captions, and transcripts.
  • About Audio Description: This short article from the University of California Berkeley includes tips for describing academic videos.
  • Live Versus Pre-recorded Audio Description: Explains the differences between pre-recorded and live audio descriptions.

Success criteria

The following are the relevant Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) to meet WCAG 2.0 AA standards for video and audio files.

This is document awuf in the Knowledge Base.
Last modified on 2021-12-16 09:05:22.